AL GHALIYAH II - The Grand Fragrance Al Ghaliyah II is a powerful fragrance that will carry you like a Sultan at the head of any gathering of people. It will make you shine, stand above and establish your presence. It will have your heart beating with vigour and your mind sharp and focused leaving you at the top of your game When i released Al Ghaliyah in 2013, it was from the oldest recorded formula that was passed down generation to generation from the time of ʿAbdullāh bin Jaʿfar D680 AD. Ghaliyah as a fragrance was not static in our tradition – One of the earliest additions to make its way into Ghaliyah was rose oil, with the Islamic advent into Persia, rose oil distillation from the planes of the Hindu Kush mountains were employed in some of the Ghaliyahs of the time as early as 650-700 AD. With the passage of time perfumers embraced the addition of new ingredients as more fragrant oils became available and the latter perfumers continued with the development of Ghaliyah formulas. Each formula holds its own place with the original formula reigning at the top of the mountain. I felt it was time to continue the tradition and compose an iteration of our Al Ghaliyah. In Middle Eastern perfume philosophy transitions in scent progression is a key feature that is primed by aging. The science of aging of ingredients is extremely treasured in our tradition and with this rendition of Al Ghaliyah II it was a prerequisite that what I consider the pivotal components is at a minimum aged for 2 years and secondly that it brings a unique dimension to the composition. Al Ghaliyah II is built off the base of a wonderfully rich musk maceration. This musk maceration was prepared by hand, utilising age-old methods of cleaning, grounding and then infusion into the most dense of oudhs. The Siberian musk shines in Oudh as it rears into a wonderful beasty earth note peppered with nuts and leather added for grace. Musk has always been a pivotal feature of Ghaliyah and it is no different here.